HTML is the standard language used to mark up Web pages.
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
HTML describes the structure of a Web page
HTML consists of a series of elements
HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
HTML elements are represented by tags
HTML tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on
Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page
Hypertext is text displayed on a screen or other electronic device with references to other text which can be automatically accessed by the user, usually by clicking a mouse or pressing a key.
Besides text, the hypertext that contain tables, lists, forms images and other elements of the presentation. The exchange of information over the Internet is an easy-to-use and flexible format
Markup languages use markup tag sets to define text elements within a document which provides web browsers with instructions on how the document should look.
HTML was developed in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. He is also known as the father of the web. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) became the authority to preserve the HTML standards in 1996. By 2000, HTML also became an international standard ( ISO); HTML5 is the most recent HTML version. HTML5 offers a web development solution that is faster and more stable.
What You Can Do with HTML
Using HTML there's a lot more things you can do.
You can publish documents online with text, images, lists, tables, etc.
You can access web resources such as images, videos or other HTML document via hyperlinks.
You can create forms to collect user inputs like name, e-mail address, comments, etc.
You can include images, videos, sound clips, flash movies, applications and other HTML documents directly inside an HTML document.
You can create offline version of your website that work without internet.
You can store data in the user's web browser and access later on.
You can find the current location of your website's visitor.
There's a lot of other interesting things you can do with HTML, the list does not end here.In the upcomming chapters, you will read about all of these in depth.
What This Tutorial Covers
covers all the fundamental of HTML including idea of elements and attributes
way of formatting text using HTML tags
method of adding style information to document
technique of inserting images and tables
process of creating lists and forms as well as method of including other HTML documents inside the current document
concept of doctype
methods for creating the web page layouts
importance of adding meta information to the web pages
way of adding scripts
techniques of showing special characters
anatomy of a URL
advanced features introduced in HTML5 such as new input types, drawing graphics on the webpage, including audios and videos in the document, storing data on client-side using web storage, caching files, performing background work with web worker, as well as getting user's geographical coordinates, creating drag and drop application, and so on.