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Paragraph element is used to publish text on the web pages.
Paragraphs are defined with the
<p> tag. Paragraph tag is a very basic and typically the first tag you will need to publish your text on the web pages. Here's an example:
<p>This is a paragraph.</p> <p>This is another paragraph.</p>
— The output of the above example will look something like this:
This is a paragraph.
This is another paragraph.
In HTML 4 and earlier versions, it was enough to initiate a new paragraph using the opening tag. Most browsers will display HTML correctly even if you forget the end tag. For example:
<p>This is a paragraph. <p>This is another paragraph.
The HTML code in the example above will work in most of the web browsers, but don't rely on it. Forgetting the end tag can produce unexpected results or errors.
<br> tag is used to insert a line break on the web page.
<br> is an empty element, so there is no need of corresponding
<p>This is a paragraph <br> with line break.</p> <p>This is <br> another paragraph <br> with line breaks.</p>
You can use the
<hr> tag to create horizontal rules or lines to visually separate content sections on a web page. Like
<hr> tag is also an empty element. Here's an example:
<p>This is a paragraph.</p> <hr> <p>This is another paragraph.</p>
Normally the browser will display the multiple spaces created inside the HTML code by pressing the space-bar key or tab key on the keyboard as a single space. Multiple line breaks created inside the HTML code through pressing the enter key is also displayed as a single space.
The following paragraphs will be displayed in a single line without any extra space:
<p>This paragraph contains multiple spaces in the source code.</p> <p> This paragraph contains multiple tabs and line breaks in the source code. </p>
for creating extra consecutive spaces, while insert
<br> tag for creating line breaks on your web pages, as demonstrated in the following example:
<br>, etc. for managing spaces isn't very convenient. Alternatively, you can use the
<pre> tag to display spaces, tabs, line breaks, etc. exactly as written in the HTML file. It is very helpful in presenting text where spaces and line breaks are important like poem or code.
The following example will display the text in the browser as it is in the source code:
<pre> Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are! Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky. </pre>